How Artificial Intelligence can help with Biosecurity.
Around the globe, different parts of the food supply chain are contaminated on a daily bases. Biosecurity, as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is the strategic and integrated approach to manage risks in food safety, animal and plant life and health, and biosafety. It relates to policy and regulatory framework that improves food health inside different points in the global food supply chain.
China, a country that consumes more pork per capita than any other country after Vietnam, is contending with a deadly case of African Swine Fever . There were 129 cases of outbreak reported this year. The Outbreak has hit almost every province and all autonomous regions of China. 40 million pigs or (10% of production) were wiped out. It’s estimated that China’s import of pork from the U.S. alone could rise 41% this year.
With retaliatory tariffs of 50% of all U.S. pork imports, China is now counting on ducks and chickens to save the day. Chinese pork farmers are switching to raising chickens and ducks to replenish the food gap left by pork. Raising more chickens and ducks will mean more poultry feed. Increased consumption of poultry feed will mean more soybean imports from Brazil.
Globalization of Food Supply Chain
China’s struggles to provide enough pork for it’s country’s consumptions is just another example of how interconnected the global food supply chain is. Trade tensions and geopolitical tensions are all feeding into the outlook for global trade. In the years to come, even if the U.S. and China can come to a truce about their differences, there will likely be other factors that will influence the functioning of the global food supply chain.
The reality of the global food supply chain is that countries with large populations such as China and India will experience an increased shortage of food supply if their own food supply chains are not managed properly.
The nature of farming demands fertile soil. As soil is over-planted in countries with large populations, these countries will seek fertile soil in other countries.
Below is a graph that shows: nearly 20% of all food produced around the world crosses international borders. This means that 1 in 7 people worldwide depends on global trade for their basic food needs.
Artificial Intelligence will Help to Manage Biosecurity in the Global Food Supply Chain
With the increasing use of technology around the world, Artificial Intelligence has found a new home in managing biosecurity in the global food supply chain.
Managing the spread of diseases, pest and chemicals are similar to managing contamination in a factory. Cutting out unwanted human interventions, keeping the environment clean and setting up preventative measures by monitoring are just several ways that crops and animals can be secured from contamination.
Just like in manufacturing plants, Robots and Systems are changing the face of farming and livestock management.[…]