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Benefits & Risks of Artificial Intelligence

From SIRI to self-driving cars, artificial intelligenceArtificial Intelligence knows many different definitions, but in general it can be defined as a machine completing complex tasks intelligently, meaning that it mirrors human intelligence and evolves with time. () is progressing rapidly. While science fiction often portrays as robots with human-like characteristics, can encompass anything from Google’s search algorithmsAn algorithm is a fixed set of instructions for a computer. It can be very simple like "as long as the incoming number is smaller than 10, print "Hello World!". It can also be very complicated such as the algorithms behind self-driving cars. to IBM’s Watson to autonomous weapons.

Artificial intelligence today is properly known as narrow (or weak ) , in that it is designed to perform a narrow task (e.g. only facial recognition or only internet searches or only driving a car). However, the long-term goal of many researchers is to create general (AGI or strong ) . While narrow may outperform humans at whatever its specific task is, like playing chess or solving equations, AGI would outperform humans at nearly every cognitive task.

In the near term, the goal of keeping ’s impact on society beneficial motivates research in many areas, from economics and law to technical topics such as verification, validity, security and control. Whereas it may be little more than a minor nuisance if your laptop crashes or gets hacked, it becomes all the more important that an system does what you want it to do if it controls your car, your airplane, your pacemaker, your automated trading system or your power grid. Another short-term challenge is preventing a devastating arms race in lethal autonomous weapons .

In the long term, an important question is what will happen if the quest for strong succeeds and an system becomes better than humans at all cognitive tasks. As pointed out by I.J. Good in 1965, designing smarter systems is itself a cognitive task. Such a system could potentially undergo recursive self-improvement, triggering an intelligence explosion leaving human intellect far behind. By inventing revolutionary new technologies, such a superintelligenceSuperintelligence is a true thing of the future. It can be defined as a agent who hypothetically possesses intelligence which by far surpasses any human. Many people fear the existence of just an agent, however we are a quite a while away from such a thing. might help us eradicate war, disease, and poverty, and so the creation of strong might be […]

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