5G and Artificial Intelligence are often called the most promising technologies. Let’s have a look into both technologies and what the relationship between both means.
Author – Jamie Fry, working at writing services review companies
Artificial intelligence has proven to be a technology that has the potential to change any industry. Chatbots are among the most popular marketing tools, and they represent only one of many areas of application of AI. Thanks to machine learning, AI can not only operate massive amounts of data but also learn from its previous experiences and improve its approaches.
5G internet is another relatively new technology, and even though it isn’t as widespread as AI yet, it already starts to affect our understanding of mobile applications. Given that 5G enables a much faster transfer of data, it allows developers to expand the functionality of mobile applications and to introduce new features. Let’s consider the relationship between these two most promising technologies in more detail.
5G vs. 4G
The 5G internet provides much higher data rates compared to 4G — several gigabits per second. Besides, 5G also has low latency rates, with delays of less than one millisecond. The 5G technology was developed to improve the performance of wireless apps and the connection between devices. While 4G utilizes a low-band and mid-band radio spectrum, 5G is based on a high-band spectrum.
The low-band spectrum is used by the U.S. carriers for LTE. It offers a great area of coverage and good building penetration, but the data speed doesn’t exceed 100Mbps. The mid-band spectrum is worse at penetrating buildings but it provides data speeds of up to 1Gbps. 5G utilizes the high-band spectrum. Although it has a small coverage area and its building penetration capabilities are poor, 5G can offer speeds of up to 10Gbps. As for the small coverage area, this issue can be solved by installing more access points.
Spectrum Allocation and Artificial Intelligence
As soon as the 5G technology appeared, many experts started to suggest using AI to address certain technical challenges. The growing use of wireless technologies is associated with a high risk of overcrowding the radio waves used by our devices to communicate with one another. To prevent the interference between radio waves from different users, frequencies are divided among different government and commercial entities.
Traditionally, the radio spectrum has been allocated on paper, which is certainly not the most efficient approach. Those who hold the rights to a certain bit of spectrum rarely use it all the time, so a large share of allocated frequencies often remains unused. The expected quick growth of 5G makes this issue even more critical so the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) asked engineers to develop a machine-learning algorithm capable of finding available frequencies automatically. This way, AI could allocate the radio spectrum dynamically in real-time. Obviously, this is just one of many possible applications of AI related to 5G.
Combining AI With 5G
Combining AI with 5G can help solve a number of problems and broaden our sphere of knowledge. A good example of how effectively AI and 5G can be used together is evident in the healthcare industry. About one-third of the world’s population can develop some forms of cancer. The problem of cancer has existed for many years but we still don’t have any strategy that would enable us to illustrate its causes. Thanks to the 5G technology, we can store massive amounts of data related to cancer and then use AI to detect patterns in this data and to analyze different characteristics of patients with cancer.
Simply put, 5G can optimize any processes associated with data, especially those associated with cloud technologies. For example, 5G can create countless opportunities for robotics and the IoT industry. Software solutions now can access more data in real-time, while also consuming less power. 5G allows for working with large amounts of data in real-time, which can be especially useful in many areas, from security to healthcare, public transportation, industry automation, and transmission of sporting events.
The Impact of 5G and Artificial Intelligence
Given that both these technologies have wide ranges of applications, they inevitably have a big impact on the economy. Therefore, there’s no surprise that many companies have joined a race, trying to implement and develop the use of 5G before their competitors. However, the 5G race isn’t limited to a certain industry. It makes sense to talk about global competition, and the reason is that all developed countries are facing a global economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Because of the coronavirus crisis, we have more remote workers than ever. Businesses from all industries focus on remote services, and the importance of efficient online communication grows. More and more companies start to explore methods of remote organization of processes, and they are also looking for opportunities to provide a good customer experience without personal interaction. AI and 5G are two technologies that can help companies quickly adapt to the “new normal” and therefore help countries repair their economies.
China is a current leader in the global 5G race. In 2019, the state-run press agency of China stated that this country is going to expand its 5G network. The Ministry of Industry and Information technology has already issued commercial licenses to China Unicom, China Radio and Television, China Mobile, and China Telecom. China Mobile is the biggest wireless carrier in the country, and it has already unveiled its 5G network in 50 cities, including Shanghai, Beijing, and Shenzhen. Moreover, China stated that foreign companies are welcome to work in this country that has already developed numerous AI and 5G-based solutions for drones, robots, etc.
AI and 5G are often called the most promising technologies for a good reason: More and more industries are looking for automation opportunities and rely on large amounts of data. However, the capabilities of many modern solutions are limited by the speed of the internet connection, and that’s why 5G can make a big difference.
The combination of AI and 5G can provide us with solutions that we could never imagine, just like the internet revolutionized communication, as well as all other areas of our lives. 5G can not only enable developers to expand the functionality of their solutions but also make a significant economic impact.
Jamie Fry – Purposeful and promising author. At this moment he is working at writing services review companies, as Pick the writer and Writing Judge and enhances his blogging skills. Confidently goes to his goal. He has a talent for writing original content. The main conviction in his life: «To be the best in the field in which you are developing». Always in search of fresh ideas.