Governments and industry recognize that () is opening up transformational opportunities in all areas of human activity.
At the same time, it poses unique risks: ethical, legal and regulatory challenges. These issues need to be carefully addressed in Hungary as well. The scope, speed and nature of the response will have a significant impact on the success of .
When Fails to Perform
One of the most important legal issues raised by the increasing use of technology is dealing with the damage caused by its potential failure. As a result, we will likely see an increase in -related disputes over the next decade. For example, a driverless car may hit a pedestrian, a drone partially operated by a pilot may crash and cause damage, software may diagnose the wrong medical treatment. As there are many parties involved in the operation of an system (data provider, designer, manufacturer, programmer, developer, user and the system itself), liability is difficult to establish when something goes wrong.
Ownership of the Creations of
Another challenge is that the current intellectual property laws are not well suited to deal with the situation where an creates potential intangible assets. Patent law generally considers the inventor as the first owner of the invention. If an autonomous generates an invention, there is no legal owner; the technology cannot own the invention, and in many cases tangible assets can only arise if there is a human creator. At this stage of development, it may not be possible to give autonomous the status of a legal person. Humans should have the ethical duty to take responsibility for any autonomous technology they commission, deploy or use.
Data protection has taken center stage this year with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The use of solutions may involve the processing of personal data and engage someone’s obligations as a data controller. As in the case of determining the liability of , it is difficult to determine who is the controller of the personal data processed by the (data provider, designer, manufacturer, programmer, developer, user or system itself). The data controller will need to bear in mind the data protection principles set out in the GDPR, all of which are likely to be relevant to data collection through , analyzing and potentially acting on the results.[…]