is projected to add £232 billion to the UK economy by 2030 From the Alan Turing constructed a test in the 1950's to determine a machine's intelligence. The test is considered to be passed, when a human cannot tell whether s/he is interacting with a machine or a human. The test as sparked controversy but is an important concept nevertheless. Institute to DeepMind, the UK boasts a rich history and exciting present in machine and artificial intelligence research and development, led by academia and industry.
According to recent research, is the largest commercial opportunity for Britain, projected to add £232 billion to the UK economy by 2030. SMEs and start-ups will play a significant role in grasping this. The segment highlighted by Theresa May during her at the World Economic Forum in Davos in January, where she told world leaders that the UK’s strong start-up scene will be instrumental in making the UK a world leader in ethical . However, start-ups today still need to overcome some significant challenges before reaching their full potential.
Barriers to development
The next generation of ‘’ approaches have been reaching superhuman levels of performance recently. These achievements depend on having access to huge amounts of high quality training data, computation power and expertise in this area. DeepMind’s AlphaZero for example, relied on computational power greater than the World’s top ten supercomputers combined, to beat AlphaGo, the machine- software that conquered 18-time human Go champion, Lee Sedol, last year.
Access to this computation power and expertise is currently a significant barrier for SMEs. This was exposed by Digital Catapult’s recent report, Machines for Machine Intelligence, which found that the demand and cost of computation power for machine models is rapidly increasing. Individual and machine runs can cost upwards of £10,000, meaning that many start-ups can struggle to drum up sufficient investment to produce a proof of concept.
Finding people with the right skillset for development can be another challenge. According to one job site, the demand for software developers and machine engineers who create software has increased by 485 per cent since 2014. This leaves large and small organisations fighting tooth and nail over a shallow pool of talent – and potentially unable to meet their ambitions as a result.
Organisations researching and developing solutions are also being increasingly challenged on the ethics of their work. Several high-profile projects demonstrating that can propagate human biases have raised questions over the technology and the rules governing its development. It’s paramount that SMEs are aware of these, and the potential implications – to business and society – of inadvertently building bias into a product. […]