Information Retrieval Telecommunication

What Is Natural Language Processing and How Does It Work?

The most essential part of the Turing Test is communication. The computer has to be able to communicate with a human. This is called .

copyright by blog.neospeech.com

In 1950, Alan TuringAlan Turing constructed a test in the 1950's to determine a machine's intelligence. The test is considered to be passed, when a human cannot tell whether s/he is interacting with a machine or a human. The test as sparked controversy but is an important concept nevertheless.  published his famous paper titled “ Computing Machinery and Intelligence ”. The paper proposed a test to determine if a machine was artificially intelligent. Basically, Turing said that if a machine could have a conversation with a human and trick the human into thinking the machine was a person itself, then it was artificially intelligent. While we still haven’t quite achieved artificial intelligenceArtificial Intelligence knows many different definitions, but in general it can be defined as a machine completing complex tasks intelligently, meaning that it mirrors human intelligence and evolves with time., has become very popular over the past few years and is used in many products today. It’s a fascinating technology that’s already changed the tech world a lot and promises to do so even more in the future. So what makes this bit of technology so exciting? 

What is ?

() can be defined as the ability of a machine to analyze, understand, and generate human . The goal of is to make interactions between computers and humans feel exactly like interactions between humans and humans. And when we say interactions between humans and humans, we’re talking about how humans communicate with each other by using natural language . Natural language is a language that is native to people. English, Spanish, French, and Mandarin are all examples of a natural language. On the other hand, computers have always operated on artificial languages (computer programming languages such as SQL, Java, C++, etc.). These languages were constructed to communicate instructions to machines.

Where do you use in your everyday life?

There are quite a few applications we use everyday that utilize . Listed here are just a few to give a taste of the broad variety of applications.

Spam filters

One of the biggest headaches of email is spam. To set up a first line of defense, services such as Gmail use to determine which emails are good and which are spam. These spam filters scan the text in all the emails you receive, and attempt to understand the meaning of that text to determine if it’s spam or not.

Algorithmic trading

Wouldn’t it be amazing if you could master the stock market without having to do a thing? That’s what algorithmic trading is for. Using , this technology reads news stories concerning companies and stocks and attempts to understand the meaning of them to determine if you should buy, sell, or hold onto certain stocks.

Answering questions

If you’ve ever typed a question in Google search, or asked Siri for directions, then you’ve seen this form of in action. A major use of is to make search engines understand the meaning of what we are asking, and then often times generating natural language in return to give us the answers we’re looking for.

Summarizing information

There’s a lot of information on the web, and a lot of that information is in the form of long documents or articles. is used to understand the meaning of this information, and then generates shorter summaries of the information so humans can understand it quicker.

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